The 5 Best Long-Term Investments of 2024

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Long-term investing involves holding assets for many years to leverage the growth potential of markets and the power of compounding returns. This investment strategy is vital for achieving financial security as it smooths out market volatility and helps you prepare for major financial goals.

Benjamin Franklin

Understanding Long-Term Investments

A long-term investment typically refers to an asset held for over a year. The exact timeframe can vary depending on the investment strategy and the investor’s financial goals, but generally, long-term investments include assets like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and real estate that are expected to grow in value or generate income over a prolonged period.

Psychological Benefits of Long-Term Investing

  • Reduced Stress: By focusing on long-term gains, investors might experience less stress and anxiety than those engaging in short-term trading, which often requires constant market monitoring.
  • Patience and Discipline: Long-term investing encourages patience and discipline, helping investors avoid impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations.

Financial Benefits of Long-Term Investing

  • Compounding Returns: Long-term investments benefit from the power of compounding, where the returns themselves generate additional returns over time.
  • Tax Advantages: In many jurisdictions, long-term investments are taxed at a lower rate than short-term investments, providing a significant tax benefit.
  • Diversification: Long-term investors often hold various assets, reducing risk through diversification.

This approach aligns with the idea that while markets can be volatile in the short term, they tend to increase in value over the long term, making long-term investing a potentially rewarding psychological and financial strategy.

Read More: How to Research Stocks

Types of Long-Term Investments

Long-term investments are pivotal for securing financial stability and growing wealth over the years. These investments range from traditional assets like stocks and bonds to real estate and more diverse options like mutual funds and alternative investments.

1. Stocks

Investing in stocks of well-established companies can be highly beneficial for long-term growth. These companies typically have a solid track record of stability and performance.


  • Steady Growth: Established companies are likely to offer steady growth over time.
  • Dividends: They often pay dividends, providing a regular income stream.
  • Resilience: Such companies generally have the resources and market presence to weather economic downturns better than newer companies.

2. Bonds

Bonds are debt securities that vary based on the issuer, each serving a unique role in investment diversification.

  • Government Bonds: Considered low-risk with stable returns, ideal for conservative investors.
  • Municipal Bonds: Often tax-exempt, suitable for investors in higher tax brackets looking for safe income.
  • Corporate Bonds: Typically offer higher returns than government bonds but come with increased risk.


  • Risk Management: Bonds can reduce portfolio volatility and provide a balance to the equities.
  • Income Generation: Regular interest payments from bonds provide a steady income stream.

3. Real Estate

Real estate investment involves purchasing properties for generating rental income or capital appreciation. Real Estate, in general, is a long-term investment due to its illiquid nature. However, you can also invest in real estate through Real Estate Investment Trusts.


  • Rental Income: Properties can yield regular rental earnings, providing a stable income.
  • Value Appreciation: Properties often appreciate in value, offering the potential for significant capital gains upon sale.
  • Leverage: Real estate investments can be leveraged, allowing for more significant investments with less capital.

Learn More: Ultimate Guide to Investing in Real Estate

4. Mutual Funds and ETFs

Mutual funds and ETFs allow investors to pool their money to buy a diversified portfolio managed by professionals. While Mutual Funds and ETFs seem similar at first glance, the key differentiator is that Mutual Funds are traded and priced once a day at its Net Asset Value, while ETFs trade throughout the day at various prices just like equities.

  • Mutual Funds: These are managed by professionals who allocate the fund’s capital across various securities, aiming for specific investment objectives.
  • ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds): Similar to mutual funds but traded like stocks on an exchange, often tracking a specific index.


  • Diversification: Both provide instant diversification across various assets, reducing individual investment risks.
  • Accessibility: Low entry barriers for investing in a range of assets that might otherwise be inaccessible to individual investors.

Read more: Index Funds vs. Mutual Funds

5. Alternative Investments

These include assets like hedge funds, private equity, commodities, and collectibles. Alternative investments are inherently long-term investments because they are not traded on a stock exchange like equities. Investors often like alternative assets because they tend to have non-correlated returns with the stock market and could potentially serve as an inflation hedge.


  • Higher Returns Potential: Often yield higher returns than traditional investments, albeit with higher risk.
  • Diversification: Can provide portfolio diversification benefits due to low correlation with standard asset classes.
  • Inflation Hedge: Certain alternatives, like commodities, can serve as a hedge against inflation.

Each type of long-term investment offers distinct advantages and risks, making them suitable for different investor profiles and financial goals. Choosing the right combination can help achieve a balanced and robust investment portfolio.

Read more: Ultimate Guide to Alternative Investments

Investment Strategies for Long-Term Success

Dollar-Cost Averaging

Dollar-cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy where you invest a fixed amount of money into a particular asset or portfolio at regular intervals, regardless of the asset’s price. By doing so, you purchase more shares when prices are low and fewer shares when prices are high, which can lead to a lower average cost per share over time.

This method helps mitigate risk by reducing the impact of volatility on the overall purchase. The automatic, disciplined investing approach of DCA eliminates the need to time the market, which can be difficult even for professional investors.


Diversification is a fundamental investing principle that involves spreading your investments across various asset classes such as stocks, bonds, real estate, and potentially others like commodities or alternative investments. The rationale behind this approach is that different asset classes often perform differently under various economic conditions.

By diversifying your portfolio, you can reduce the risk of significant losses since poor performance in one area may be offset by stronger performance in another. This not only stabilizes your portfolio over time but can also improve the ratio of return to risk.


Rebalancing is the process of realigning the weightings of a portfolio of assets to maintain the original or desired level of asset allocation and risk. As market movements can alter the initial weightings, rebalancing helps in returning the portfolio to its original risk profile.

How and When:

  1. Set Rebalancing Triggers: You might choose to rebalance based on a calendar schedule (e.g., quarterly, annually) or when the percentage of an asset class in your portfolio deviates by a set threshold from its target allocation (e.g., 5% or more).
  2. Adjusting the Portfolio: Rebalancing typically involves buying or selling portions of your portfolio to move back to your target asset allocation. For instance, if stock prices have risen significantly, they may now represent a larger portion of your portfolio than intended, and you might sell some stocks to buy more bonds or other assets to restore balance.

By incorporating strategies like dollar-cost averaging, diversification, and regular rebalancing, investors can create a more resilient portfolio that is better equipped to handle market uncertainties and achieve long-term financial goals.

Managing Risks in Long-Term Investments

Understanding Risks in Long-Term Investing

Long-term investing, while often rewarding, comes with various types of risks. Recognizing and understanding these risks is crucial for effective risk management and achieving your investment goals. Here are some key risks associated with long-term investing:

  1. Market Risk: The risk of investments losing value due to economic developments that affect the entire market.
  2. Interest Rate Risk: The risk that changes in interest rates will affect the value of fixed-income investments like bonds.
  3. Credit Risk: The risk that a bond issuer will default on payments, affecting the value of bonds.
  4. Liquidity Risk: The risk that an investor might not be able to buy or sell investments quickly without causing a significant movement in the price.
  5. Inflation Risk: The risk that inflation will erode the purchasing power of future income from investments.
  6. Geopolitical Risk: The risk that political instability, financial crises, or other geopolitical events will negatively affect the markets.

Strategies to Mitigate Risks

To manage these risks effectively, investors can adopt several strategies:

  1. Diversification: As previously discussed, spreading investments across different asset classes can reduce the impact of poor performance in any single area. This is crucial for mitigating market risk and sector-specific risks.
  2. Thorough Research: Before investing, conduct detailed research or due diligence to understand the assets, the market conditions, and external factors that could impact your investments. This includes analyzing company financials, market trends, and economic indicators.
  3. Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing: Keep track of how your investments are performing and how changes in the market might affect your portfolio. Regular rebalancing helps maintain your desired asset allocation and risk level.
  4. Use of Hedging Techniques: Techniques like options and futures can help protect against market volatility. However, these strategies require sophisticated knowledge and should be approached with caution.
  5. Consulting with Financial Advisors: A financial advisor can provide expert guidance tailored to your individual needs and circumstances. They can help craft a personalized investment strategy, keep you informed about potential risks, and adjust your portfolio as needed to align with your financial goals.
  6. Investing in Quality Assets: Choose investments with a strong track record of stability and growth. Quality stocks, bonds from reputable issuers, and real estate in prime locations tend to offer safer long-term growth prospects.
  7. Setting Realistic Expectations: Understand that investments can fluctuate and setting realistic expectations can prevent panic selling during downturns.

By combining these strategies, investors can not only understand the risks associated with long-term investing but also take proactive steps to mitigate them, enhancing their chances for successful investment outcomes.

Adam Koprucki

Expertise: Fixed-income investing, Macroeconomics, Personal Finance, Derivatives, Options, Index Funds

Professional Experience: J.P. Morgan, Deloitte Consulting, Societe Generale, The Vanguard Group

Education: Loyola University: Bachelor of Business Administration, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill: Certificate in Capital Markets

Adam Koprucki is the founder of Real World Investor, an investing website dedicated to reviewing the newest and latest investing tools and providing unique market insights for beginner to intermediate investors.

Before starting Real World Investor, he spent over a decade working at some of the world's largest investment banks and investment managers, such as Citibank, J.P. Morgan, Societe Generale, Deloitte, and The Vanguard Group.

His experience includes working with complex financial products such as exotic interest rate derivatives, structured products, and structured credit.

A dedicated and enthusiastic investor, he is passionate about macroeconomics and options trading. His investing insights have been published on Investopedia, Yahoo Finance, Seeking Alpha, GoBankingRates, Nasdaq, and Bigger Pockets.

He is also a contributing author at